Wednesday, December 19, 2012

What is Kemalism? And why should MBAs know about Kemalism? (Hint: Reforms in Turkey)

From the links:

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881 - 1938) was the 1st President of Turkey.

The principles of Atatürk's reforms, upon which modern Turkey was established, are referred to as Kemalism.

Kemalist ideology, or "Kemalism", also known as the "Six Arrows", is the principle that defines the basic characteristics of the Republic of Turkey.

There are six fundamental pillars of the ideology:
  • Republicanism
  • Nationalism
  • Socialism
  • Secularity
  • Solidatory Corporatism
  • Revolutionarity
Secularism and reformism principles were accepted and entered into the constitution following the first four.

The principles came to be recognized as unchangeable and sacrosanct.

These principles were formulated and applied but not defined as an ideology during the life of Atatürk.

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